Ancient Greek hairstyles altered as ancient Greece altered, reflecting the preoccupations and aspirations of its citizens. Hairstyles represented something about the user’s age, taste and city of origin, but very little about his or her social class (other than for servants, whose hair was usually brief). In their private lives, Athenians were, inning accordance with Demosthenes, “extreme and basic,” with no fantastic distinction in between how the highest and the most affordable citizens dressed, lived or ate. In Sparta, men and women frequently went about naked, or with their chitons (curtaining white garments) opened at the sides; the word “Spartan” implies an indifference to high-end, which was prevalent in ancient Greece.
The Grecian suitable of beauty was the exact same for males when it comes to ladies: youth, comprehensive muscles, and naturally colored cheeks. In ancient art, men and women are drawn almost exactly the same, other than for their chests (when exposed). Compounds like olive oil and honey were used by lots of Greeks to improve their skin’s appearance, while males invested much of their time in the gym, where they would exercise, wrestle, and reverse with other guys in the naked.
Blonde hair was thought about appealing, and both males and females bleached their hair with potash water, along with drying it in the sun to accomplish a blonder effect.
Makeup was utilized, though discredited by some as pompous; lots of women used white cause lighten their faces, and perhaps red pigment for blush and charcoal as eye shadow. The hetaerae, ancient Greek equivalent to the geisha or courtesan, often wore makeup.
This androgyny led to some uniformity in braided hair styles and colors. Men and women wore their hair in long curls; it’s uncertain whether their hair was naturally curly, or if they curled it with tongs or similar implements. In a famous passage from Homer, Athena makes Odysseus’s hair circulation down from his head in “hyacinthine curls.” We may therefore deduce that these curls were natural, a minimum of for a few of the native population.
Women’s position in ancient Greece was shockingly low. Wives were separated in their houses, not even allowed to fraternize other ladies, let alone other guys. This might explain the relative indifference to high-end in ancient Greek society.
Females wore their hair long and in curls, in some cases plaited, often with hairs curtained over the shoulders. After the defeat of Persia in 449 BC, Asian styles grew less popular, and females began pinning their hair in a knot or bun at the nape of the neck, in some cases with a band or a net wound around the head. Scarves and diadems were likewise available.
During grieving, ladies cut their hair short.
Male grew their hair long. A boy cut his hair brief (about chin or jaw-length) when he reached adolescence, and remained with a short haircut up until he became older and more distinguished.
The beard was likewise a mark of difference and virility. Many young men went tidy shaven, which was then a sign of effeminacy. Nevertheless, shaving the upper lip was not uncommon. It was only when Alexander the Great purchased his soldiers to be tidy shaven that the beard lost some of its grandeur; still, it was a mark of a thinker or a sage.
There were numerous popular ancient Greek hairstyles, worn by males as well as females: the krobylon was an up-do with hair gathered, tied and pinned over the forehead; the Kepos, a bowl-cut utilized for youths and servants; the Theseid was a sort of proto- mullet which was short in front and long in the back.
Garlands and diadems were worn by eminent Greek leaders, including Alexander the Great and popular statesmen. A garland was generally placed on a fantastic man’s head at his funeral service.